Deforestation also leads to soil erosion where other species of plant suffer, with the forming of desert-like areas as a result. Humans import their food from other agricultural ecosystems. These species will also look more similar. Atos. The oil and its by-products are supplied to BASF under fair-trade conditions. In 2020, Marriott International was No. One reason is that people benefit from a healthy and biologically diverse environment. On a smaller scale, we can describe the biodiversity of a local forest, park or pond. What Is Diversity & Examples of Challenges to Diversity. Biologydictionary.net Editors. Just days after a savannah fire, new plant life springs up from those species which allow their seeds to be blown by the wind, or from those whose seeds can withstand high temperatures. Terrestrial heads six subgroups: tundra, grasslands, taiga, deciduous forest, rainforest, and desert. In other terrestrial, aquatic or marine environments, a lack of biodiversity of plant life (producers) means the numbers of consumers are limited. 1 on DiversityInc's Top 50 Companies for Diversity list. In the United Kingdom, BASF has actively participated since 2002 in a partnership involving the farming community and the government.Â The Rawcliffe Bridge program has formed the basis of the Farm NetworkÂ as the first farm.Â, Since 2011, BASF has opened its Environmental Education Classroom and Wildlife Habitat. It is important to maintain this level in order to balance the environmental harmony on our planet. Even in these, other organisms can adapt and successfully reproduce, but the levels of biodiversity as compared to the replaced environment are significantly lower. FundaÃ§Ã£o EspaÃ§o ECO (FEE) was established in 2005 by BASF in Brazil with the support from the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ). Unfortunately, there are over 36 biodiversity hotspots at this moment in time, some of which have undergone up to 95% of native vegitation loss. Different ecosystems like mangroves, rainforests, deserts, etc., show a great variety of life forms residing in them. In the context of biodiversity, it therefore has: 5. It is the diversity observed among the different ecosystems in a region. biodiversity meaning: 1. the number and types of plants and animals that exist in a particular area or in the world…. In Biodiversity areas you observe lot on new species of plants, animals, insects. Which of these is the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystem? From the ground up, or from the ocean floor up, biodiversity increases soil formation, nutrient storage, energy storage, recycling, and the breaking down of toxins and pollutants. Detoxification and decomposition of wastes by biological communities (particularly bacteria and fungi); generation and renewal of soil fertility, including nutrient cycling; and pollination of plants are just a few examples of ecological services associated with biological diversity. Biodiversity keeps the plant ecosystem functional. The marine ecosystem includes subgroups known as open marine, ocean floor, coral reef, estuary, saltwater wetland estuary, and mangrove systems. BASF wants to ensure that its renewable-based products are made from sustainably sourced raw materials.Â. With a closer look, we can see invertebratesand worms under leaves, on grasses and in the pond water. New discussions regarding the ethics of human effects upon biodiversity sway towards agreeing that every species has intrinsic value. Ecological diversity It defines the diversity observed among the ecosystems in a particular region. Yet there are still many threats to biodiversity that may not (always) be the fault of the human being. The greatest threat leading to the loss of biodiversity is the human race. Alternatively, fishers remove too many fish of a wide range of species, not immediately upsetting the balance of fish species but causing a drop in population and lower reproduction rates that allows certain types of plankton or algae to take over. As with humans, genetic diversity in other organisms can affect any aspect of that organismâs make up. Still, human transportation systems are primarily to blame for the introduction of pests into other countries via air and sea. We have joined the French Bee Biodiversity Network. Or the Great Barrier Reef. The sequel to that first biodiversity book, naturally titledBiodiversity II(Reaka-Kudla et al. Both biodiversity and ecosystem services are under pressure from a rising world population, demand for higher living standards and increased industrial activity. The city of London, for example, is becoming home to increasingly more wildlife who have adapted to live in an urban environment. Western Ghats in India is the best example for biodiversity. Since 2006, BASF has partnered with Targanine from the region of Agadir. This means that an ecosystem must contain at least 1,500 species of plants found nowhere else on earth (endemic” species) but have also lost at least 70% of its primary native vegetation. Obviously, speaking of the distribution of every one of these plant species would take a long time. Biodiversity conservation has three main objectives: To preserve the diversity of species. Unless as part of scientific research, global species diversity is usually described in the terms of species richness â how many species there are – although the terms species diversity and species richness are not synonyms of one another. In the soil, the greatest biomass is composed of microÂorganisms, where fungi are by far the most common. On a smaller scale, we can describe the biodiversity of a local forest, park or pond. Throughout the tropics these are all increasing in intensity, but the main threats are from habitat loss, such as deforestation, and over-harvesting. The different varieties and types of animals and plants that live in the ocean is an example of biodiversity. These are all ecological habitats or ecosystems in which biodiversity can be measured. Heavy metals and plastics in the seas not only reduce the numbers of a species but can render an area completely uninhabitable. The smallest ecosystem of the three main groups, the aquatic ecosystem, can be further split into estuaries, wetlands, ponds, lakes, and rivers. This would include the fact that a species is part of the worldâs natural history. Biodiversity. While Earth’s biodiversity is so rich that many species have yet to be discovered, many species are being threatened with extinction due to human activities, putting the Earth’s magnificent biodiversity at risk. In the winter months, for example, caribou scrape through the ice to reach plant life preserved in the equivalent of a natural refrigerator. This change was due to genetic mutations which allowed them to move from aquatic into marine ecosystems, and so increase the biodiversity of a different region and ensure the survival of the species. According to the Cheetah Conservation Fund, there used to be several Cheetah species tens of thousands of years ago, and it was a genetically diverse animal. Every single species has a role to play, although some â like viruses and disease-carrying mosquitoes – are considered to be damaging to the well-being of humans and other organisms and steps are being taken to eradicate them. Genetic diversity refers to the differences in the genetic make-up of a distinct species and to the genetic variations within a single species. The closest relations of an organism are members of its own species. The domino effect of this means less food for herbivores (primary consumers) and a consequent reduction in populations due to competition. The French Bee Biodiversity Network numbers over 300 partners, including scientists, beekeepers, farmers and private companies. This means that if one individual dies when stung by a bee, others will not and are able to carry on to ensure the success of the species. All species on Earth are somewhat related through genetic connections. The project is certified by the Wildlife Habitat Council and will give students the opportunity to learn about local ecology.Â, /content/basf/www/global/en/who-we-are/sustainability, /content/basf/www/global/en/who-we-are/sustainability/we-produce-safely-and-efficiently, /content/basf/www/global/en/who-we-are/sustainability/we-produce-safely-and-efficiently/resources-and-ecosystems, /content/basf/www/global/en/who-we-are/sustainability/we-produce-safely-and-efficiently/resources-and-ecosystems/biodiversity-and-ecosystems, /content/basf/www/global/en/who-we-are/sustainability/we-produce-safely-and-efficiently/resources-and-ecosystems/biodiversity-and-ecosystems/examples-of-specific-projects. Nitrogen contributes greatly to global warming and climate change. Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. Biodiversity refers to the importance of a wide variety of plants and animals that live in the world or in a specific habitat. (2019, May 31). Should something drastic happen to affect the health of this bacteria and it becomes extinct, there is no other organism to take advantage of this inhospitable environment. Sustainable utilization of species and ecosystem. The industrial revolution of the mid-eighteenth to mid-nineteenth century in Europe turned skies black with smoke and poisoned rivers and plant life, killing consumers, too. Biodiversity is the foundation for numerous ecosystem services that are essential for human well-being, for example in terms of air quality, climate, pollination, water purification and soil formation. Here’s A List of The Different Types of Diversity in The Workplace The proliferation of an invasive species, for example, may be the result of an opportunistic move into another speciesâ territory. There is an overwhelming need for conservation in the modern world. It concerns DNA (or RNA in some viruses) sequences. We can look at the ecological biodiversity of Mississippi. Thanks to the planetâs huge biodiversity we have been able to produce medicines for the sick, grow new types of crops in areas which used to suffer regular famine, enjoy the colors and scents of a fantastic range of flowers, eat a varied diet with no need for deficiencies, and explore the splendor of the worldâs different habitats as we travel. Likewise, genetic variety within a plant species may … Ecological biodiversity refers to the variations in the plant and animal species living together and connected by food chains and food webs. As every organism has a role to play in its ecosystem, the act of deforestation without (at minimum) replanting lost mature trees, can be catastrophic both locally and globally. “Biodiversity” also has served on occasion as a catch … And the more closer a species is related to another, the more genetic information the two species will share. The major habitat types from which all other smaller ecosystems derive are called terrestrial, marine and aquatic ecosystems. Glossary; Whittaker (1972) described three terms for measuring biodiversity over spatial scales: alpha, beta, and gamma diversity. Diversity in different ecosystems like deserts, rainforests, mangroves, etc., … The current loss of biodiversity can be attributed to several different factors. Species richness only considers the number of different species in an ecosystem, not their distribution. When considering only the number of different species within an ecosystem we then talk of species richness. And with fewer herbivores, one can expect reduced populations of omnivores and carnivores. Then other examples are Eastern Himalayas, Deserts of Rajasthan. This layer of living organismsthe biospherethrough the collective metabolic activities of its innumerable plants, animals, and microbes physically and chemi… Both biodiversity and ecosystem services are under pressure from a rising world population, demand for higher living standards and increased industrial activity. A sampling of fungi collected during summer 2008 in Northern Saskatchewan mixed woods, near LaRonge, is an example regarding the species diversity of fungi. This increase in carbon dioxide levels in the air is partially (but significantly) responsible for global warming. United States Age Diversity. When of use to humans, either as a pleasing aspect (a pet dog) or a useful one (willow bark as a pain killer), they are instrumental. Biodiversity can be measured globally or in smaller settings, such as ponds. In fact, “biodiversity” is nowused sometimes to mean “life” or “wilderness” or other conservationvalues. Biodiversity, though, goes beyond simply a literal list of species; it also encompasses the interactions between the species, how they survive, what they do, and … Without biodiversity, ecosystems would produce less. Plant life is not enough to support large populations of herbivores and in this unnatural ecosystem are in a group of their own. Fox populations are large, feeding on rats, mice, and garbage. Biodiversity is not only necessary for survival, but it is also extremely beautiful. Species can have instrumental or intrinsic (inherent) value. A gray horse with brown eyes is an example of: 3. In escaping from these flies, caribou also spend less time feeding. Or of China. Of all the different environments on Earth, the ocean has the highest level of biodiversity, with the widest array of species calling it home. Unfortunately, diversity is still very much lacking on its board. Biodiversity is the foundation for numerous ecosystem services that are essential for human well-being, for example in terms of air quality, climate, pollination, water purification and soil formation. Including the human species. Members of a species share genes. To maintain life-supporting systems and essential ecological processes. By removing too many of one species of fish, fishers allow other species to take over, perhaps upsetting the delicate balance between producer and consumer. Consider the American gray squirrel decimating red squirrel populations in England and the introduction of the Colorado beetle in Europe which caused countless potato crops to fail, for example. Retrieved from https://biologydictionary.net/biodiversity/. Scientists have named three different levels of biodiversity: genetic diversity, species diversity, and ecosystem diversity. The definition of biodiversity refers to the amount of diversity between different plants, animals and other species in a given habitat at a particular time. There are approximately 391,000 different species of plant on the planet, although some are at risk of becoming extinct and many have not yet been discovered. Biodiversity is a term which describes every living organism within a single ecosystem or habitat, including numbers and diversity of species and all environmental aspects such as temperature, oxygen and carbon dioxide levels and climate. Furthermore, they also have to compete for the meager plant life when other herbivores, previously kept away by the cold, arrive and thrive through adaptive radiation. We have already discussed the dramatic effects of deforestation upon the climate and biodiversity. Think you’re done? Canada, the US, Australia, and the United Kingdom all have a pretty typical age demographic distribution. Examples of Biodiversity in a sentence The biodiversity of this lake is extremely high, with several dozen species of fish and birds living in or near it. Australia Age Diversity. Pretend you're taking a look at the species biodiversity within a local pond. Tropical rainforests are the most diverse of the terrestrial ecosystems, but many of these are biodiversity hotspots. If one species of plant type produces one type of flower for one species bee, who produces honey for one species of honey badger who provides food for one cheetah, the balance is much too delicate. Here at Atos, we want all of our employees to feel valued, appreciated, and … 1997), documents the rapidrise of the term “biodiversity” in importance and influence. Mangrove trees â a diverse group of around eighty different species â have diversified to successfully survive and reproduce in salt water. Rich biodiversity will speed the recovery of the environment after a natural disaster. In May 2016, BASF, Arkema, Jayant Agro-Organics Ltd. and Solidaridad launched the project "Pragati" to improve working conditions, create awareness for sustainable farming and increase yields due to more efficient farming practices. If a species has other value beyond its use to the human race, it has intrinsic value. Humans, for example, have different eye and skin colors, hair textures, propensity for disease, reactions to pollutants, heights, hormone levels and so on. “Biodiversity.” Biology Dictionary. These three examples of ecosystem diversity contain further examples as subgroups. In Western ghats there are many species of herbal plants, butterflies, fungi, birds and animals which you won’t see anywhere else in world. The cheetah is an example of a species lacking genetic diversity. 1. Therefore statistically, there are always more workers between 35-50 in comparison to 20-35 or 50-65. The South African gold mine mentioned earlier on has a species diversity of one which is (therefore) equally distributed. Scientists have named three different levels of biodiversity: genetic diversity, species diversity, and ecosystem diversity. Headline: None. Global warming and pollution are the largest abiotic threats to biodiversity, but the cause of these abiotic threats is biotic â us. Biodiversity is the foundation of ecosystem services to which human well-being is intimately linked. As of June 2020, its 12-member board of directors has one Black man, one Black woman, one Hispanic man, three white women, and six white men A vicious circle of action and effect which slowly reduces biodiversity on first a local and finally a global scale. Age Diversity Examples in Canada and UK. If a sudden heavy downpour kills most of the bees and drowns the flowers, the entire food chain is lost. Plants can help clean the water, air, and help prevent erosion. The program aims to foster preservation of the argan forest with help of the local population. The area can be large or small. We are the same species but have genetic variations which make us diverse. The higher the number of species that can be supported in an ecosystem, the higher the rate of survival for every organism inside that ecosystem. Species diversity relates to numbers and spread â how many different species live in an ecosystem and how are they distributed? Diversity in the workplace refers to an environment where employees of different genders, ethnicity, races, religions, ages and abilities work together. Plants of the same species can diversify to be able to live in alternative habitats. The Foundation promotes intiatives of public interest and fosters discussions on sustainability. We can look at the ecological biodiversity of Mississippi. The term "biodiversity" literally indicates the diverse biological species within an ecosystem. You have not even scratched the surface of the biodive… Without biodiversity, the health of the planet is at stake. The biodiversity is affected by natural disasters such as floods, droughts, forest fires, volcanic eruptions, epidemics, earthquakes and tsunamis. It will improve the livelihood of coconut farmers in the Philippines and Indonesia. Ecological biodiversity is measured by looking at its three levels of genetic, species and ecosystem diversity. Or of China. The natural disaster prevention mechanisms in most ecosystems and other free services we all get from the surrounding environment are not easily replaceable or replicable, so maintaining biodiversity is … Within these diverse ecosystems, one must also consider trophic levels, how species interact with that specific ecosystem, climate, pollution or human impact and every other variable that is part of that particular habitat. It is the number of different species of plants, animals, and microorganisms. One might also look at the biodiversity of the human gut, or of a teaspoon of soil. Together, they form a set of data that can describe the biodiversity of an area of land, freshwater or sea. Now that we know the different types of biodiversity, let us look at the importance of biodiversity. The area can be large or small. Together with partners, BASF has established a certified coconut oil supply chain. Seaweed is used as both food and fertilizer. Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life on Earth. Biodiversity is important to humans for a number of reasons. From size to color, to diet, to function, and everything in between. Biodiversity, also referred to as biological diversity, is broadly the diversity or variability of different species of plants and animals on the Earth. For example, forest fires eradicate large portions of ecosystems which are the ruin of thousands of plant and animal species. For example, the richness of diversity allows medicines and foods to be naturally available. As global temperatures rise, this extra food source decomposes and the caribou has no winter food source unless it moves much further north. For example, a single organism ecosystem was recently discovered deep in a South African gold mine, where only one type of bacteria – Desulforudis audaxviator â is able to survive. Overfishing and overharvesting either remove competition for other species causes a huge shift in the stability of species richness and diversity. Scientists have estimated that there are around 8.7 million species of plants and animals in existence. The less inhabitable an ecosystem, the less life it can support. For example, many drugs of great value in fighting disease come from plants. If we wait a while, we might be able to spot a garter snake, a bullfrog, or maybe a red-winged blackbird. At first glance, we can identify different plants, including cattails and water lilies. Today, the fine dust from car exhausts largely replaces coal. It includes organisms from Earth’s vastly different ecosystems, including deserts, rainforests, coral reefs, grasslands, tundra, and polar ice caps. Higher Arctic springtime temperatures also bring swarms of flying insects to the icy north much earlier than usual. Learn more. Biologydictionary.net Editors. Biologydictionary.net, May 31, 2019. https://biologydictionary.net/biodiversity/. Overexploitation is another threat to biodiversity, again a largely human threat. It has a very low biodiversity index of 1/300, or 0.003. A simple biodiversity index is calculated as follows: number of species in the area ÷ total number of individuals in the area = biodiversity index. To some extent, biodiversity merely offers a new, emotive,term for some older ideas and programs. For example, one-fourth of the prescriptions is made up of some of the plants.Finally, humans benefit from the interactions with the organisms. But italso traces the study of aspects of biodiversity back as far asAristotle. Biodiversity is important, more than just the 'I want my children to enjoy it' reason. We implement projects to encourage the protection of biodiversity at the local level. Or the Great Barrier Reef. “Biodiversity.”, Biologydictionary.net Editors. Instead of having a group of producers (plants) feeding primary consumers (herbivores) who feed secondary, tertiary and quaternary consumers (omnivores and carnivores), it is often human food waste that becomes the urban producer. If a lake has many different types of fish and other marine life like turtles and frogs and many different types of plants and insects, then there is a great biodiversity of genes and species all contributing to the sustainability of the ecosystem of the lake. Biodiversity is the amount of variety of life on Earth. Deserts are, on the whole, the least diverse terrestrial ecosystem but may be split into sand, rock, bush and even oasis with its own group of mini-ecosystems (aquatic, date palm, a small area of wetland at the waterâs edge). Higher temperatures through climate change mean increased biodiversity in some regions (mangrove trees are moving to areas previously too cold, wine-making is taking off in areas previously unsuitable for growing grapes). Together, they form a set of data that can describe the biodiversity of an area of land, freshwater or sea. The distribution of a species in a single ecosystem, The genetic diversity within a single species, The number of different species in a single ecosystem, The spread of a species within multiple ecosystems, mangrove trees are moving to areas previously too cold. As our population grows together with our need for food, water, industry, transportation, and home comforts, it takes over natural ecosystems and replaces them with unnatural ones. The latter can cover large areas of fresh or salt water and remove the oxygen, causing a dead zone where nothing except anaerobic bacteria can survive. One example is our own species, for we differ in a wide variety of characteristics that are partly or wholly genetically determined, including height, weight, skin and eye colour, behavioral traits, and resistance to various diseases. In this photo, there are also leaf lichens and mosses. Deforestation removes trees responsible for the conversion of carbon dioxide into oxygen. Biodiversity refers to the variety of living species on Earth, including plants, animals, bacteria, and fungi. Biodiversity conservation is the protection and management of biodiversity to obtain resources for sustainable development. Biodiversity loss, also called loss of biodiversity, a decrease in biodiversity within a species, an ecosystem, a given geographic area, or Earth as a whole. No feature of Earth is more complex, dynamic, and varied than the layer of living organisms that occupy its surfaces and its seas, and no feature is experiencing more dramatic change at the hands of humans than this extraordinary, singularly unique feature of Earth. In addition to diversity among species, the concept of biodiversity includes the genetic diversity within species. Its goal is to enhance honey bee and pollinator populations in France. For example, a 4 X 4 meter square area in a carrot patch has 300 carrot plants, all the same species. Canada Age Diversity. In agriculture, the overharvesting of crops leads to a lack of nutrients in the soil, where farmers then add nitrogen-containing fertilizers to make up for this loss. Biodiversity also has a role to play in the stability of the ecosystem and global climate. 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